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Las Vegas History. Die Gegend um Las Vegas wurde von spanischen Eroberern entdeckt. Erste von Mormonen errichtete Siedlung. Las Vegas [lɑs ˈveɪgəs] ist die größte Stadt im US-Bundesstaat Nevada. Sie ist vor allem Barbara Land, Myrick Land: A Short History of Las Vegas. A Short History of Las Vegas | Land, Barbara, Land, Myrick, Rocha, Guy Louis | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und. Las Vegas: An Unconventional History | Ferrari, Michelle, Ives, Stephen | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf. The first casino in Las Vegas opened in , before which the area had a thriving illegal gambling industry. Following the construction of the.
Las Vegas [lɑs ˈveɪgəs] ist die größte Stadt im US-Bundesstaat Nevada. Sie ist vor allem Barbara Land, Myrick Land: A Short History of Las Vegas. Las Vegas: An Unconventional History | Ferrari, Michelle, Ives, Stephen | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf. Newspaper Articles from different sources. Flamingo Early Years. The Oregon Bldg and Bugsy Suite Postcard fantasicentralen.se original flamingo (1).jpg.
The rivers that created the marsh eventually went underground, and the marsh receded. The valley then evolved into a parched, arid landscape that only supported the hardiest animals and plants.
At some point in the valley's early geologic history , the water resurfaced and flowed into what is now the Colorado River. This created a luxurious plant life, forming a wetland oasis in the Mojave Desert landscape.
An abundance of Late Pleistocene fossils have been discovered from this locality, including Columbian mammoths and Camelops hesternus.
Native Americans lived in the Las Vegas Valley, beginning over 10, years ago. Archaeologists have discovered baskets, petroglyphs , pictographs and other evidence in diverse locations, including Gypsum Cave and Tule Springs.
Paiutes moved into the area as early as AD , migrating between nearby mountains in the summer and spending winter in the valley, near Big Springs.
A trade caravan of 60 men led by the Spanish merchant Antonio Armijo was charged with establishing a trade route to Los Angeles. John C.
He was appointed by President John Tyler to lead a group of scientists , scouts , and spies for the United States Army Corps of Engineers who were preparing for a possible war with Mexico.
Upon arriving in the valley they made camp at the Las Vegas Springs , establishing a clandestine fort there. A war with Mexico did occur, resulting in the region becoming United States territory.
The fort was used in later years by travelers, mountain men , hunters, and traders seeking shelter, but was never permanently inhabited. However, because of tensions rising between leaders of the small Mormon community, the summer heat and difficulty growing crops, the missionaries returned to Utah in , abandoning the fort.
For the next few years the area remained unoccupied by Americans except for travelers and traders. Then the U. Army , in an attempt to deceive Confederate spies active in southern California in , falsely publicized that it reclaimed the fort and had renamed it Fort Baker, briefly recalling the area to national attention.
After the end of the war in , Octavius Gass , with a commission from the federal government, re-occupied the fort.
The Paiute nation had declined in numbers and negotiated a new treaty with the United States, ceding the area around the fort to the United States in return for relocation and supplies of food and farming equipment.
Consequently, Gass started irrigating the old fields and renamed the area 'Las Vegas Rancho. In , because of mismanagement and intrigue with a Mormon syndicate, Gass lost his ranch to Archibald Stewart to pay off a lien Stewart had on the property.
Stewart became the Las Vegas Postmaster. Clark enlisted Utah's U. Clark and Kearns promoted the area to American farmers who quickly expanded the farming plots of the areas.
Not until did the first large-scale migration of Mormons begin in the area, at long last fulfilling Brigham Young's early dream. Through wells and arid irrigation, agriculture became the primary industry for the next 20 years and in return for his development, the farmers named the area Clark County in honor of the railroad tycoon and Senator.
By the early 20th century, wells piped water into the town, providing both a reliable source of fresh water and the means for additional growth.
The increased availability of water in the area allowed Las Vegas to become a water stop , first for wagon trains and later railroads , on the trail between Los Angeles , California , and points east such as Albuquerque , New Mexico.
Senator William Andrews Clark was the majority owner of the railroad, which was a corporation based in Utah. Among its original incorporators were Utah's U.
Senator Thomas Kearns and his business partner David Keith. Kearns and Keith helped Clark ensure the success of the new railroad across Utah and into Nevada to California.
Curiously, for a time there were two towns named Las Vegas. McWilliams, who was hired by the Stewart family during the sale of the Las Vegas Rancho and bought available land west of the ranch.
It was from their property that Las Vegas took form. Clark subsequently built another railroad branching off from Las Vegas to the boom town of Bullfrog called the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad.
With the revenue coming down both railways that intersected there, the area of Las Vegas was quickly growing. Las Vegas was the driving force in the creation of Clark County , Nevada in and the city was incorporated in as a part of the county.
The first mayor of Las Vegas was Peter Buol who served from — Shortly after the city's incorporation, the State of Nevada reluctantly became the last western state to outlaw gaming.
This occurred at midnight, October 1, , when a strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada.
It even forbade the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink. Nonetheless, Las Vegas had a diversified economy and a stable and prosperous business community, and therefore continued to grow until In that year, a combination of economic influences and the redirection of resources by the federal government in support of the war effort forced the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad to declare bankruptcy.
Although William Clark sold the remains of the company to the Union Pacific Railroad , a nationwide strike in left Las Vegas in a desperate state.
The dam was later renamed the Hoover Dam during the Truman administration. Work started on the dam in and Las Vegas' population swelled from around 5, citizens to 25,, with most of the newcomers looking for a job building the dam.
However, the demographic of the work force consisting of males from across the country with no attachment to the area created a market for large-scale entertainment.
A combination of local Las Vegas business owners and Mafia crime lords helped develop the casinos and showgirl theaters to entertain the largely male dam construction workers.
Despite the influx of known crime figures, the local business community tried to cast Las Vegas in a respectable light when the Secretary of the Interior Ray Lyman Wilbur visited in to inspect the dam site.
However a subordinate was found with alcohol on his breath this was during the time of Prohibition after a visit to Block 16 in Las Vegas. The government ultimately decided that a federally controlled town, Boulder City , would be erected for the dam workers.
Realizing that gambling would be profitable for local business, the Nevada state legislature legalized gambling at the local level in Las Vegas, with a small but already well-established illegal gambling industry, was poised to begin its rise as the gaming capital of the world.
The county issued the first gambling license in to the Northern Club , and soon other casinos were licensed on Fremont Street like the Las Vegas Club and the Hotel Apache.
Fremont Street became the first paved street in Las Vegas  and received the city's first traffic light in In reply, the federal government restricted movement of the dam workers to Las Vegas.
Smuggling and circuitous routes then were developed. In , to curtail these activities and the resulting growth of criminal figures in the gambling industry, the city's leading figures purged gambling dens and started an effort to stem the flow of workers from the dam.
This only emboldened some dam workers who still contrived to visit Las Vegas. A celebration of this era has become known as Helldorado Days.
Although the suppression efforts resulted in declines at gambling venues and resulted in a business downturn, the city was recharged—both literally and figuratively—when the dam was completed in In , Southern Nevada Power became the first utility to supply power from the dam, and Las Vegas was its first customer.
Electricity flowed into Las Vegas and Fremont Street became known as Glitter Gulch due to the many bright lights powered by electricity from Hoover Dam.
Meanwhile, although the dam worker population disappeared, Hoover Dam and its reservoir, Lake Mead , turned into tourist attractions on their own and the need for additional higher-class hotels became clear.
In , U. Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads. Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, , the U. Mayor John L. Russell signed over land to the U. Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base.
The U. Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district , permanently out of business.
The hotel gained much of its fame from the gourmet buffet that it offered. On October 30, , Texas cinema magnate R. Griffith rebuilt on the site of a nightclub called Pair-O-Dice ,  that first opened in , and renamed it Hotel Last Frontier.
A few more resorts were built on and around Fremont Street, but it was the next hotel on the Strip that publicly demonstrated the influence of organized crime on Las Vegas.
Although ethnic organized crime figures had been involved in some of the operations at the hotels, the Mafia bosses never owned or controlled the hotels and clubs which remained monopolized by hard-bitten local Las Vegas families who were unwilling to cede ground to the crime bosses and proved strong enough to push back.
This changed in post-war Las Vegas when Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel , with help from friend and fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky , poured money through locally-owned banks for cover of legitimacy and built The Flamingo in Siegel modeled his enterprises on the long-running gambling empire in Galveston, Texas , which had pioneered the high-class casino concepts that became mainstays on the Strip.
The Flamingo initially lost money and Siegel died in a hail of gunfire in Beverly Hills, California in the summer of Additionally, local police and Clark County Sheriff deputies were notorious for their heavy-handed tactics toward mobsters who "grew too big for their pants.
After gambling was legalized, the Bank of Las Vegas, led by E. Parry Thomas , became the first bank to lend money to the casinos, which Thomas regarded as the most important businesses in Las Vegas.
Gambling was no longer the only attraction; the biggest stars of films and music like Frank Sinatra , Dean Martin , Andy Williams , Liberace , Bing Crosby , Carol Channing , and others performed in intimate settings.
After coming to see these stars, the tourists would resume gambling, and then eat at the gourmet buffets that have become a staple of the casino industry.
It was the seventh of 14 hearings held by the commission. The hearings established that Las Vegas interests were required to pay Siegel to get the race wire transmitting the results of horse and dog races, prizefight results and other sports action into their casinos.
The hearing concluded that organized crime money was incontrovertibly tied to the Las Vegas casinos and was becoming the controlling interest in the city, earning the organized crime groups vast amounts of income, strengthening their influence in the country.
This led to a proposal by the Senate to institute federal gambling control. Nevada's Senator Pat McCarran was instrumental in defeating the measure in committee.
Along with their connections in Hollywood and New York City, these interests in Las Vegas were able to use publicity provided by these media capitals to steer the rapid growth of tourism into Las Vegas, thereby dooming Galveston, Texas ; Hot Springs, Arkansas ; and other illegal gaming centers around the nation.
While the Strip was booming, the U. Atomic Energy Commission on January 27, detonated the first of over a hundred atmospheric explosions at the Nevada Test Site.
Despite the dangers and risks of radiation exposure from the fallout, which were greatly underestimated at the time, Las Vegas advertised the explosions as another tourist attraction   and offered Atomic Cocktails in the Sky Room restaurant at the Desert Inn that provided the highest view of the mushroom clouds.
Parry Thomas during those years funded the growing boom in casinos. But Las Vegas was doing more than growing casinos.
In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic. In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground.
The last test explosion was in In , Howard Hughes , the eccentric hero of the American aviation industry, and noted American entrepreneurial financier with vast connections to long established networks in the country, moved to Las Vegas.
The population of Las Vegas grew by 70 percent between and , when the rest of the country was growing at a rate of 14 percent.
Many factors contributed to this unbelievable growth, with an estimated 41 million tourists visiting Las Vegas in Very concerned for his safety, he had his car stored in an underground tunnel under the Flamingo and also lived on the property when in town.
After the mob took over the Flamingo, Siegel returned to Los Angeles and was murdered. Later, after expansion of the Flamingo, the car was discovered, but the cost to retrieve it was prohibitive and it was decide to fill the tunnel, including the automobile, with cement.
It is also said the ghost of Bugsy Siegel still roams the halls of the Flamingo. The ruins of the Old West town of St. The U. With the water receding in Lake Mead during the summer, tourists can now explore what is left of the town.
Founded in by Mormon pioneers, it was the typical lawless town as portrayed in movies and television shows. Willy T. While everyone is social distancing, masking up and wiping down every door knob in a three-mile-radius, what about the germ magnets we all keep glued to our finger tips; our cell phones.
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