Poker Ante Ante oder Blinds?
Ein Ante kommt meist bei den Stud- und Draw-Poker-Varianten zum Einsatz, während bei Texas Hold'em die Blinds als Grundeinsatz dienen. Im Texas. Pokerbegriffe sind verschiedene mehr oder auch weniger gebräuchliche, inoffizielle setzt all seine Chips auf seine Hand. Ante: ein Zwangseinsatz, den jeder Spieler bringen muss: von lat. ante: vor, davor – hier im Sinne von Vorleistung. Ante wird bei den Pokervarianten Draw- und Stud-Poker und bei späteren Phasen von Turnieren von jedem Spieler als Grundeinsatz gebracht. Ante. Die Ante ist eine Form von Zwangseinsatz, also von Einsätzen, die Spieler in einem Spiel zahlen müssen, bevor sie ihre Karten überhaupt gesehen haben. Grundeinsatz, der im Gegensatz zu Blinds von jedem Spieler gebracht werden muss. Typisch ist das Ante bei Draw-Varianten. Ausserdem wird in späten.
Pokerbegriffe sind verschiedene mehr oder auch weniger gebräuchliche, inoffizielle setzt all seine Chips auf seine Hand. Ante: ein Zwangseinsatz, den jeder Spieler bringen muss: von lat. ante: vor, davor – hier im Sinne von Vorleistung. Eine neue Form von Online-Poker-Turnieren wurde in letzter Zeit immer populärer. "Ante up" Turniere haben gleichbleibende Blindlevel über die gesamte. Poker Definition: Ante. Bei allen Pokerarten ist es sehr wichtig, vor der Ausgabe der ersten Karten Geld im Pot zu haben. Wenn sich kein Geld.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Ante.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. An ante is an amount of chips that every player must place into the pot before any cards are dealt.
Posting antes is quite similar to posting blinds, but everyone has to post them, not just certain seats at the table. We find antes in both cash games and tournaments, but they are generally more common in tournaments during the later stages.
Poker Glossary. Explanation of Ante Antes are generally uncommon in cash games although such ante games do exist. What is PFR in Poker?
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What is Regular in Poker? Regular in Poker - Poker Terms. What is Rolled Up in Poker? Rolled Up in Poker - Poker Terms.Blank eine Karte, die die Situation für keinen Spieler entscheidend verändert. Michael Jordan als 23 gelesenpocket schmuhvers. Dark Ein Online Yahtzee führt eine Setzaktion aus, bevor die nächste Karte überhaupt aufgedeckt ist beispielsweise Check in the Dark. Discard Marvel Spiele Online Draw Poker das Tauschen einer bzw. High Card eine Hand, die keine Kombination bildet.
To enable the possibility of bluffing and protection , the fixed amount generally doubles at some point in the game. This double wager amount is referred to as a big bet.
Some limit games have rules for specific situations allowing a player to choose between a small or big bet. For example, in seven-card stud high , when a player has a face-up pair on the second round 4th street , players may choose a small or big bet e.
Most fixed-limit games will not allow more than a predefined number of raises in a betting round. The maximum number of raises depends on the casino house rules , and is usually posted conspicuously in the card room.
Typically, an initial bet plus either three or four raises are allowed. Once Player A has made their final bet, Players B and C may only call another two and one bets respectively ; they may not raise again because the betting is capped.
A common exception in this rule practiced in some card rooms is to allow unlimited raising when a pot is played heads up when only two players are in the hand at the start of the betting round.
Usually, this has occurred because all other players have folded, and only two remain, although it is also practiced when only two players get dealt in.
Many card rooms will permit these two players to continue re-raising each other until one player is all in. Sometimes a fixed-limit game is played as a kill game.
In such a game, a kill hand is triggered when a player wins a pot over a certain predetermined amount, or when the player wins a certain number of consecutive hands.
The player triggering the kill must post a kill blind , generally either 1. In addition, the betting limits for the kill hand are multiplied by 1.
The term kill , when used in this context, should not be confused with killing a hand , which is a term used for a hand that was made a dead hand by action of a game official.
A game played with a spread-limit betting structure allows a player to raise any amount within a specified range. These limits are typically larger in later rounds of multi-round games.
Playing spread-limit requires some care to avoid giving easy tells with one's choice of bets. Beginners frequently give themselves away by betting high with strong hands and low with weak ones, for instance.
It is also harder to force other players out with big bets. There is a variation of this known as "California Spread," where the range is much higher, such as or California Spread, as the name implies, is played in California, Colorado, and Minnesota, where local laws forbid no limit.
In a half-pot limit game, no player can raise more than the half of the size of the total pot. Half-pot limit games are often played at non-high-low games including Badugi in South Korea.
In a pot-limit game no player can raise more than the size of the total pot, which includes:. This does not preclude a player from raising less than the maximum so long as the amount of the raise is equal to or greater than any previous bet or raise in the same betting round.
Making a maximum raise is referred to as "raising the pot", or "potting", and can be announced by the acting player by declaring "Raise pot", or simply "Pot".
These actions, with additional follow-up wagering, are laid out in Table '1' on the right. Only pot limit games allow the dealer, on request, to inform the players of the pot size and the amount of a pot raise before it's made.
The dealer is also required to push any amount over the maximum raise back to the offending player.
Keeping track of those numbers can be harrowing if the action becomes heated, but there are simple calculations that allow a dealer or player to keep track of the maximum raise amount.
Here is an example:. There may be some variance between cash and tournament play in pot limit betting structures, which should be noted:.
There can be some confusion about the small blind. Some usually home games treat the small blind as dead money that is pulled into the center pot.
A game played with a no-limit betting structure allows each player to raise the bet by any amount up to and including their entire remaining stake at any time subject to the table stakes rules and any other rules about raising.
Hands in a cap limit or "capped" structure are played exactly the same as in regular no limit or pot limit games until a pre-determined maximum per player is reached.
Once the betting cap is reached, all players left in the hand are considered all-in , and the remaining cards dealt out with no more wagering.
Cap limit games offer a similar action and strategy to no limit and pot limit games, but without risking an entire stack on a single hand.
All casinos and most home games play poker by what are called table stakes rules, which state that each player starts each deal with a certain stake, and plays that deal with that stake.
A player may not remove money from the table or add money from their pocket during the play of a hand.
In essence, table stakes rules creates a maximum and a minimum buy-in amount for cash game poker as well as rules for adding and removing the stake from play.
A player also may not take a portion of their money or stake off the table, unless they opt to leave the game and remove their entire stake from play.
Players are not allowed to hide or misrepresent the amount of their stake from other players and must truthfully disclose the amount when asked.
In casino games, an exception is customarily made for de minimis amounts such as tips paid out of a player's stack. Common among inexperienced players is the act of "going south" after winning a big pot, which is to take a portion of one's stake out of play, often as an attempt to hedge one's risk after a win.
This is also known as "ratholing" or "reducing" and, while totally permissible in most other casino games, is not permitted in poker.
If a player wishes to "hedge" after a win, the player must leave the table entirely—to do so immediately after winning a large pot is known as a "hit and run" and, although not prohibited, is generally considered in poor taste as the other players have no chance to "win some of it back".
In most casinos, once a player picks up their stack and leaves a table, they must wait a certain amount of time usually an hour before returning to a table with the same game and limits unless they buy in for the entire amount they left with.
This is to prevent circumvention of the rule against "ratholing" by leaving the table after a large win only to immediately buy back in for a lesser amount.
Table stakes are the rule in most cash poker games because it allows players with vastly different bankrolls a reasonable amount of protection when playing with one another.
They are usually set in relation to the blinds. This also requires some special rules to handle the case when a player is faced with a bet that they cannot call with their available stake.
A player faced with a current bet who wishes to call but has insufficient remaining stake folding does not require special rules may bet the remainder of their stake and declare themselves all in.
They may now hold onto their cards for the remainder of the deal as if they had called every bet, but may not win any more money from any player above the amount of their bet.
In no-limit games, a player may also go all in, that is, betting their entire stack at any point during a betting round. A player who goes "all-in" effectively caps the main pot; the player is not entitled to win any amount over their total stake.
If only one other player is still in the hand, the other player simply matches the all-in retracting any overage if necessary and the hand is dealt to completion.
However, if multiple players remain in the game and the bet rises beyond the all-in's stake, the overage goes into a side pot. Only the players who have contributed to the side pot have the chance to win it.
In the case of multiple all-in bets, multiple side pots can be created. Players who choose to fold rather than match bets in the side pot are considered to fold with respect to the main pot as well.
Player C decides to "re-raise all-in" by betting their remaining stake. Player A is the only player at the table with a remaining stake; they may not make any further bets this hand.
As no further bets can be made, the hand is now dealt to completion. It is found that Player B has the best hand overall, and wins the main pot.
Player A has the second-best hand, and wins the side pot. Player C loses the hand, and must "re-buy" if they wish to be dealt in on subsequent hands.
There is a strategic advantage to being all in: such a player cannot be bluffed , because they are entitled to hold their cards and see the showdown without risking any more money.
Opponents who continue to bet after a player is all in can still bluff each other out of the side pot, which is also to the all in player's advantage since players who fold out of the side pot also reduce competition for the main pot.
But these advantages are offset by the disadvantage that a player cannot win any more money than their stake can cover when they have the best hand, nor can an all in player bluff other players on subsequent betting rounds when they do not have the best hand.
Some players may choose to buy into games with a "short stack", a stack of chips that is relatively small for the stakes being played, with the intention of going all in after the flop and not having to make any further decisions.
However, this is generally a non-optimal strategy in the long-term, since the player does not maximize their gains on their winning hands.
If a player does not have sufficient money to cover the ante and blinds due, that player is automatically all-in for the coming hand. Any money the player holds must be applied to the ante first, and if the full ante is covered, the remaining money is applied towards the blind.
Some cardrooms require players in the big blind position to have at least enough chips to cover the small blind and ante if applicable in order to be dealt in.
In cash games with such a rule, any player in the big blind with insufficient chips to cover the small blind will not be dealt in unless they re-buy.
In tournaments with such a rule, any player in the big blind with insufficient chips to cover the small blind will be eliminated with their remaining chips being removed from play.
If a player is all in for part of the ante, or the exact amount of the ante, an equal amount of every other player's ante is placed in the main pot, with any remaining fraction of the ante and all blinds and further bets in the side pot.
If a player is all in for part of a blind, all antes go into the main pot. Players to act must call the complete amount of the big blind to call, even if the all-in player has posted less than a full big blind.
At the end of the betting round, the bets and calls will be divided into the main pot and side pot as usual. All remaining players fold, the small blind folds, and Dianne folds.
If a player goes all in with a bet or raise rather than a call, another special rule comes into play.
There are two options in common use: pot-limit and no-limit games usually use what is called the full bet rule , while fixed-limit and spread-limit games may use either the full bet rule or the half bet rule.
The full bet rule states that if the amount of an all-in bet is less than the minimum bet, or if the amount of an all-in raise is less than the full amount of the previous raise, it does not constitute a "real" raise, and therefore does not reopen the betting action.
The half bet rule states that if an all-in bet or raise is equal to or larger than half the minimum amount, it does constitute a raise and reopens the action.
If the half bet rule were being used, then that raise would count as a genuine raise and the first player would be entitled to re-raise if they chose to creating a side pot for the amount of their re-raise and the third player's call, if any.
In a game with a half bet rule, a player may complete an incomplete raise, if that player still has the right to raise in other words, if that player has not yet acted in the betting round, or has not yet acted since the last full bet or raise.
The act of completing a bet or raise reopens the betting to other remaining opponents. For example, four players are in a hand, playing with a limit betting structure and a half bet rule.
Alice checks, and Dianne checks. But if Joane completes, either of them could raise. When all players in the pot are all-in, or one player is playing alone against opponents who are all all-in, no more betting can take place.
Some casinos and many major tournaments require that all players still involved open , or immediately reveal, their hole cards in this case—the dealer will not continue dealing until all hands are flipped up.
Likewise, any other cards that would normally be dealt face down, such as the final card in seven-card stud , may be dealt face-up.
Such action is automatic in online poker. This rule discourages a form of tournament collusion called "chip dumping", in which one player deliberately loses their chips to another to give that player a greater chance of winning.
The alternative to table stakes rules is called "open stakes", in which players are allowed to buy more chips during the hand and even to borrow money often called "going light".
Open stakes are most commonly found in home or private games. In casinos, players are sometimes allowed to buy chips at the table during a hand, but are never allowed to borrow money or use IOUs.
Other casinos, depending on protocol for buying chips, prohibit it as it slows gameplay considerably. Open stakes is the older form of stakes rules, and before "all-in" betting became commonplace, a large bankroll meant an unfair advantage; raising the bet beyond what a player could cover in cash gave the player only two options; buy a larger stake borrowing if necessary or fold.
This is commonly seen in period-piece movies such as Westerns, where a player bets personal possessions or even wagers property against another player's much larger cash bankroll.
In modern open-stakes rules, a player may go all in as in table stakes if they so choose, rather than adding to their stake or borrowing.
Because it is a strategic advantage to go all in with some hands while being able to add to your stake with others, such games should strictly enforce a minimum buy-in that is several times the maximum bet or blinds, in the case of a no-limit or pot-limit game.
A player who goes all in and wins a pot that is less than the minimum buy-in may not then add to their stake or borrow money during any future hand until they re-buy an amount sufficient to bring their stake up to a full buy-in.
If a player cannot or does not wish to go all-in, they may instead choose to buy chips with cash out-of-pocket at any time, even during the play of a hand, and their bets are limited only by the specified betting structure of the game.
Finally, a player may also borrow money by betting with an IOU, called a "marker", payable to the winner of the pot.
To bet with a marker, all players still active in the pot must agree to accept the marker. Some clubs and house rules forbid IOUs altogether.
If the marker is not acceptable, the bettor may bet with cash out-of-pocket or go all-in. A player may also borrow money from a player not involved in the pot, giving them a personal marker in exchange for cash or chips, which the players in the pot are then compelled to accept.
A player may borrow money to call a bet during a hand, and later in the same hand go all-in due to further betting; but if a player borrows money to raise, they forfeit the right to go all-in later in that same hand—if they are re-raised, they must borrow money to call, or fold.
A player may also buy more chips or be bought back in by any other player for any given amount at any given time. Just as in table stakes, no player may remove chips or cash from the table once they are put in play except small amounts for refreshments, tips, and such —this includes all markers, whether one's own or those won from other players.
Players should agree before play on the means and time limits of settling markers, and a convenient amount below which all markers must be accepted to simplify play.
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Antes are generally uncommon in cash games although such ante games do exist. The exception is stud variants of poker which always have a required ante.
Cash games with a dealer Button hence rarely use antes because the SB and BB payments have already built a small pot for the initial betting round.
Most poker tournaments employ antes , but typically only in the later rounds. The initial blind levels in a tournament hence usually only involve SB and BB payments.
The exception again is stud variants since the ante payment is an integral part of the game and must be taken at every blind level.
In fact, when describing the limits of stud games, the ante amount is generally included in that description. There is simply more money in the pot to be won.
Seeing as the pot-size is nearly doubled in this instance, it would be a mistake to assume that preflop strategy will remain the same as it was with no forced antes.
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